Tuberculosis (TB) Overview:

Tuberculosis (TB for Tubercle Bacillus) is a common life-threatening lung infection.  This infection can also damage the central nervous system, circulatory system, genitourinary system, bones, joints, and lymphatic system.  The infection so common that approximately one-third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis.  A person contracts tuberculosis every second, though he or she may not develop symptoms for many years.

Tuberculosis (TB) Causes:

Tuberculosis is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis.  The bacterium is spread through airborne droplets of infected material.  For example, when an infected individual sneezes, talks, or coughs, he or she is spreading the disease.  Generally, one needs prolonged exposure to the bacterium to catch the disease.  Once someone has contracted tuberculosis, the bacteria multiply within his or her body taking over.  The spreading of tuberculosis is aided by HIV/ AIDS, lack of health services, poverty, and the birth of drug resilient strains

Tuberculosis (TB) Symptoms:

Individuals with tuberculosis experience pallor, weight loss, a bloody cough, fever, chest pain, chills, loss of appetite, and fatigue.  If left untreated, the infection can be fatal.  Treatment involves antibiotics to fight the infection.  For many severe cases of tuberculosis, many antibiotics are needed.

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